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New City Catechism - Question 10
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Posted by Paul Coumos, Cornerstone Elder


New City Catechism - Question 10


Q10: What does God require in the fourth and fifth commandments?


A: Fourth, that on the Sabbath day we spend time in public and private worship of God, rest from routine employment, serve the Lord and others, and so anticipate the eternal Sabbath.  Fifth, that we love and honor our father and our mother, submitting to their godly discipline and direction.


Kid’s Answer: Fourth, that on the Sabbath day we spend time in worship of God.  Fifth, that we love and honor our father and our mother.


SCRIPTURE TO MEMORIZE  (kids’ portion in bold):

Leviticus 19:3 "Every one of you shall revere his mother and his father, and you shall keep my Sabbaths: I am the Lord your God."




Fourth commandment: Exo. 20:8-11; Deut. 5:12-15; Mark 2:23-28; Col. 2:16-17; Heb 4:1-16; Rev. 4:11.  Fifth commandment: Exo. 20:12; Deut. 5:16; Eph. 6:1-4



The two commandments referenced in Question 10 of the New City Catechism share the common biblical theme of giving “honor to whom honor is due” (Rom. 13:7). Honoring someone means holding them in high regard, esteeming them in front of others, valuing them for who they are, and respecting them for what they say and do.


We honor God in keeping the 4th commandment (Ex. 20:8-11) by setting aside one full day every seven days to worship Him - privately (in our homes with our families) and publicly (gathered together with our brothers and sisters in Christ). This Sabbath day of rest (now celebrated on Sunday in honor of the Lord’s resurrection) is a weekly reminder to turn our attention away from our temporal concerns and labors in order to refocus our minds and hearts on the permanently finished work of Jesus Christ! In observing this day of rest, we imitate God who rested from His creation work while enjoying its goodness. We rest also, giving thanks for His provision, and looking forward to enjoying our future rest with Him for all eternity. In a day where church attendance for so many has become an inconvenient bother (with 85% of American churches in decline or in plateau), we do well to honor God by committing ourselves to keeping the Lord’s Day, acknowledging our trust and dependence on Him, and admonishing ourselves against self-reliance and independence.


We honor our parents in keeping the 5th commandment (Ex. 20:12) by learning to obey the fathers and mothers that God has placed in our lives to train us up in the discipline and instruction of the Lord (Eph. 6:1-4).  From an early age we are taught to love, serve, work, submit, obey, and respect authority. These basic life values are then carried forth into every sphere of life as we honor the God-ordained authorities in all our relationships – from parents (Col. 3:20), to our spouses (Col. 3:18; 1 Pet 3:7), to church leaders (Heb. 13:17), to employers (Col. 3:22-24), and to civil rulers (1 Pet. 2:13-14,17).


Honor God! … Honor your parents! … Honor authority! … Live an honorable life!


CONNECTION TO CORNERSTONE’S STATEMENT OF FAITH: The 8th through the 12th questions in the NCC focus on the law of God as given in the 10 Commandments.  Mankind’s rejection of God’s perfect law, his fall into sin, and his need for salvation are identified in Cornerstone’s statement of faith.  Take a few moments to review the related portions of our Statement of Faith.


A. We believe the Scriptures, both Old and New Testaments, to be the Inspired Word of God, without error in the original writings, the complete revelation of His will for the salvation of man, and the Divine and final authority for all Christian faith and life. (II Tim. 3:16, 17; II Pet. 1:20, 21; Mt. 5:17, 18; II Pet. 1:3, 4)


B. We believe in one God, Creator of all things, infinitely perfect and eternally existing in three persons: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. (Deut. 6:4; Jn. 1-3; 6:27; Acts 5:3, 4; Mt. 28:19)


D. We believe that the ministry of the Holy Spirit is to glorify the Lord Jesus Christ, and during this age to convict men of sin, regenerate the believing sinner, to indwell, guide, instruct and empower the believer for godly living and service. (Jn. 16:7-14; Jn. 3:5-7; Titus 3:5; I Cor. 6:19; Eph.1: 13; Jn.16: 13; Rom. 8:26,27; II Cor. 3:6)


E. We believe that the Holy Spirit is the agent of the new birth. At the moment of conversion/ salvation, a believer is regenerated, indwelt, sealed and baptized by the Holy Spirit into the Body of Christ. The Holy Spirit is the strength and guide of the believer's life. The believer is commanded to continually be filled with the Holy Spirit, which is yielding to the control of God in our lives. To be filled with the Holy Spirit is the Biblical prescription for power in serving Christ. (Jn. 3:5-7; 16:13; I Cor. 6:19; 12:13; Eph. 4:4-6; 5:18)



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