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New City Catechism - Question 25
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Posted by Paul Coumos, Cornerstone elder


New City Catechism - Question 25


Q25:  Does Christ’s death mean all our sins can be forgiven?

A:  Yes, because Christ’s death on the cross fully paid the penalty for our sin, God graciously imputes Christ’s righteousness to us as if it were our own, and will remember our sins no more.


Kids' Answer: 

Yes, because Christ’s death on the cross fully paid the penalty for our sin, God will remember our sins no more.



2 Corinthians 5:21 
"For our sake He made Him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in Him we might become the righteousness of God."



Isa 53:4-5; Rom 8:1-4; Gal 4:4-7; Col 1:21-22; 1 Pet 3:18



Question 25 of the NCC gives a beautiful summary of the divine exchange that is offered to us in the gospel of Jesus Christ -- our sin for Christ’s righteousness! Perhaps this illustration will help us to understand what this means.


Suppose you incur an enormous debt – an amount greater than you will ever be able to pay off in your lifetime. You are distressed and anxious, working night and day trying to prevent yourself from sinking under the weight of it. But here’s the deal: Someone has stepped forward, offering to assume your debt, and to completely pay it off for you. He assures you that your debt will be erased and that any and all new debt will be paid off in just the same way. He requires no payment in return. In fact, this person (who is a real God-send to you), desires to transfer his entire fortune into your personal bank account for you to use as you see fit, enabling you to stabilize your life and hopefully to let others know about this remarkable deal!


Would you take the deal? … Well, when it is put that way, of course you would!


You see, God has dealt with man in much the same way by sending us His Son, the Lord Jesus Christ - a man like us, under the law of God’s commandments like us, and subject to temptation just like us (Gal 4:4-7). But unlike us, He fully obeyed those commandments, living a completely holy life, entirely without sin (Heb 4:15; 7:26). By contrast, we all, even on our best days, are undeniably sinful in our thoughts, our words, and our deeds (Rom 3:23). And because of our ‘sin-fullness,’ we have incurred an enormous debt and are most deserving of God’s just punishment. We are unable, in and of ourselves, to stand before this holy and righteous God without stirring up His wrath against us (Rom 1:18). The Lord Jesus, knowing our pitiful and helpless condition, in an act of self-sacrificing love, took upon Himself the punishment for sin that we so justly deserved by suffering and dying a horrible death on the cross - in our place and on our behalf (Isa 53:4-5). And then, by an equally great outpouring of His indescribable grace - He forgave us, He imputed or credited His righteousness to us, and He provided the way for us to be adopted into God’s family as fellow heirs (Gal 3:26-29)!


This is the Gospel – the good news that we receive by faith! What grace! What hope! What redemption! What a deal! … What a deal, indeed!



Jesus Christ

We believe that Jesus Christ is true God and true Man, having been conceived of the Holy Spirit and born of the Virgin Mary. He who knew no sin died on the cross a sacrifice for our sins according to the Scriptures. Further, He arose bodily from the dead, ascended into Heaven, where at the right hand of the Majesty on High, He now is our High Priest and Advocate. (Is. 7:14; Mt. 1:18-25; Lk. 1:26-36; Col. 2:9; 1 Jn. 5:20; Mk. 10:45; Heb. 2:9; Lk. 24:23-40; I Cor. 15; Acts 1:1-11; I Pet. 3:22; 1 Jn. 2:2; Heb. 4:16; 7:25)



We believe that the shed blood of Jesus Christ and His resurrection provide the only ground for justification and salvation for all who believe, and only such as receive Jesus by faith are born of the Holy Spirit, become children of God, and are saved for eternity. (Heb. 9:22; Mt. 26:28; I Pet. 1:18,19; Rom. 3:24, 25; Rom. 5:1, 9, 18; Jn. 1:12; 3:16; Eph. 2:8, 9)



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