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New City Catechism - Question 28
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Posted by Ed Fedor, Associate Pastor


New City Catechism - Question 28

Q28: What happens after death to those not united to Christ by faith?

A:  At the day of judgment they will receive the fearful but just sentence of condemnation pronounced against them. They will be cast out from the favorable presence of God, into hell, to be justly and grievously punished, forever.

Kids’ Answer:

They will be cast out from the presence of God, into hell, to be justly punished, forever.



John 3:36

"Whoever believes in the Son has eternal life; whoever does not obey the Son shall not see life, but the wrath of God remains on him."



Matt. 25:31-46, Luke 16:19-31



For most people death is a seriously unpleasant thought. We don’t like the idea of our life suddenly being over. We don’t like to imagine losing our love ones. It’s sad and upsetting to lose someone we love. The sense of loss can feel overwhelming – especially if our loved one died unexpectedly or died young.


One of the reasons people don’t like to think about death is because they don’t know what happens after we die. Some think the light of our life goes out and we simply cease to exist. Some think we’re reincarnated – our soul inhabits another body or takes another physical form. Some think a blissful heaven awaits good people and a dreadful hell awaits evil people.


But the Bible is very clear about the matter.

Hebrews 9:27 says, “it is appointed for man to die once, and after that comes judgment.”


We don’t cease to exist when we die. Our bodies will go to the grave, but our souls will continue to live on and finally be united to our glorified bodies to live forevermore. The absolutely crucial question is where will we live? It’s impossible to overemphasize the importance of that question!


The Bible is clear that we will live for eternity in one of two places: either in heaven in the joyful presence of God, or in hell, where we will experience terrible judgment.


Every living person is in the same predicament. We’re all sinners. We have all disobeyed God’s commands and lived in rebellion toward God. And because of our sin, every person deserves judgment for those sins. Those who confess and repent of their sin and trust in Jesus Christ and his atoning work on the cross, will live forever with God in heaven. The judgment that was due to them was absorbed by Christ on the cross.


But those who don’t trust in Christ for their salvation must face judgment themselves. When they die they will stand before a holy and just God with no excuses. No talking their way out of it. No second chances. God is all-knowing and he knows every evil thought, motive, action, attitude, and action. Their sin and rebellion against God must be judged and paid for.


Some try to object and claim that a loving God would never send anyone to hell. It’s true that God is loving, but he is not one-faceted. He is also holy and he is just and he cannot let sin go unpunished. In fact, when he was on earth, Jesus talked more about hell than he did heaven (e.g. Matt. 3:7, 8:12, 10:28, 25:41, etc.)


The Bible uses frightful phrases for hell such as outer darkness (Matt. 8:12), eternal fire (Matt. 25:41), torment (Luke 16:23), eternal destruction away from the presence of God (2 Thess. 1:9), there will be weeping and wailing and gnashing of teeth (Matt. 8:12).


But for us, there’s still time. Now is a time of grace. Now is the time to hear and believe the gospel. Now is the day of salvation. Trust in Christ and what he has done for you on the cross and you will avoid hell and live forever in his presence in heaven!



We believe that man was created in the image of God, but fell into sin, and is therefore lost, and that only through regeneration by the Holy Spirit can salvation and spiritual life be obtained.  (Gen. 1:26272:7223:1-6Rom. 3:9-12,235:12,186:23;  Jn. 3:35-7)



We believe in the bodily resurrection of the dead; of the believer to everlasting blessedness and joy with the Lord, and of the unbeliever to judgment and everlasting conscious punishment.  (Jn. 5:25-29;  Mt. 25:46;  Rev. 20:11-15)




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