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New City Catechism - Question 46
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Posted by Chris Mazak, pastoral intern


New City Catechism - Question 46


Q: What is the Lord's Supper?


A: Christ commanded all Christians to eat bread and to drink from the cup in thankful remembrance of him and his death. The Lord’s Supper is a celebration of the presence of God in our midst; bringing us into communion with God and with one another; feeding and nourishing our souls. It also anticipates the day when we will eat and drink with Christ in his Father’s kingdom.



Christ commanded all Christians to eat bread and to drink from the cup in thankful remembrance of him.



1 Corinthians 11:26

"For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the Lord's death until he comes."



Matt. 26:26-29, 1 Cor. 11:23-26



Along with baptism, the Lord’s supper is an ordinance given to the Church by Christ.  The Lord’s supper was instituted by Jesus during the Last Supper, on the night of his betrayal.  FIrst Corinthians 11:23-26 highlights most clearly how the Lord’s Supper was taken, as well as why the Lord’s Supper was taken:


For I received from the Lord what I also delivered to you, that the Lord Jesus on the night when he was betrayed took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it, and said, “This is my body, which is for you.  Do this in remembrance of me.  In the same way also he took the cup, after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood.  Do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of me.”  For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until he comes.


Looking at these verses, we can make several conclusions about the Lord’s Supper:

1.      The Lord’s supper was given as a remembrance of Jesus’ death and resurrection.  Bread was given as a remembrance of his body, while wine was given as a remembrance of Christ’s blood that was shed. 

2.     The Lord’s supper is commanded for all believers to partake in.

3.     The Lord’s supper should strengthen our faith.  It is a reminder of what Christ accomplished for us on the cross and the love we have been shown. 

4.     The Lord’s supper should make us anticipate the future return of Christ.  When we partake in the Lord’s supper, we should be focused on Him and the promises He is going to fulfill in the future.


The next time you receive the Lord’s Supper, read 1 Corinthians 11:23-26 and reflect on the gift that Christ has given you through His death on the cross.  Take comfort in the promises of Christ’s certain return, and the promise of eternal life He has given to each of His adopted children. Take the elements with that mindset and grow in your love and adoration for Christ.  This is why Christ gave us this second ordinance.



We believe that the Lord's Supper and Water Baptism by immersion are ordinances to be observed by the church during this present age.  They are, however, not to be regarded as means of salvation.  (Mt. 28:191 Cor. 11:23-26)



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